Agnes von Kurowsky (#299)

An Inventory of Her Personal Papers, 1918-1985
In the John F. Kennedy Library
National Archives and Records Administration


Administrative Information
Biographical Note
Collection Overview
List of Series
Collection Description

Administrative Information

Abstract
Papers, 1918-1985
Red Cross nurse during World War I and friend of Ernest Hemingway. Letters, diary.

Access
Open.

Usage Restrictions
According to the deed of gift signed December 1986, copyright of these materials has been assigned to the United States.

Copyright
The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction is not to be “used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship, or research.” If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excesses of “fair use,” that user may be liable for copyright infringement. This institution reserves the right to refuse to accept a copying order if, in its judgment, fulfillment of the order would involve violation of copyright law. The copyright law extends its protection to unpublished works from the moment of creation in a tangible form. Direct your questions concerning copyright to the reference staff.

Provenance
Received from Henry Villard, in September 1985 (Acc. 1985-047).

Extent
About 250 items (0.85 feet)

Items Separated from the Main Collection

Audiovisual Items, Photographs.
Selected folders contain separation sheets indicating that audiovisual materials were removed from the collection and transferred to audiovisual archives staff. Please see list of Audiovisual Items located at the end of this document for additional information.

Date Opened
January 1987, August 1988, and October 1989.

Processed by
Lisa Middents

Encoded by
James M. Roth

Related Collections
Ernest Hemingway Collection, John F. Kennedy Library
Hemingway Miscellaneous Collection, John F. Kennedy Library


The Personal Papers of Agnes von Kurowsky

Biographical Note
Agnes von Kurowsky was born in Germantown, Penn., on 5 January 1892. In 1917, she received her nursing certificate from Bellevue Hospital Training School for Nurses in New York, N.Y., and received her diploma from the University of the State of New York. She began service with the American Expeditionary Forces Europe on 26 June 1918. During her service in Italy, Agnes was among the nurses attending to Ernest Hemingway following his battle injuries. Their relationship developed, however, Agnes' feelings for Hemingway were never as deep as his attachment to her, and she broke off the relationship in a letter not long after he returned home. Hemingway used Agnes as a primary model for the heroine in his novel of World War I, A Farewell to Arms. On 23 November 1928, Agnes married Howard Preston Garner. They were divorced in 1931. On 7 August 1934, Agnes married William C. Stanfield Jr. The following list documents her nursing career.

1918-1919 American Red Cross in Italy:
Milan, 11 July—15 October 1918
Florence, 15 October—11 November 1918
Army Hospital Treviso, 20 November 1918—5 January 1919
Milan, January—June 1919
1920-1922 Service with the American Red Cross in Roumania, March 1920-Nov. 1922
1922 Night Supervisor, Bellevue Hospital
1926 Returned to Red Cross service, sent to Haiti
1927-1931 Director of Nurses Training, Haitian General Hospital, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
c.1931-1934 Assistant Supervisor of Nurses Sanitarium in Otisville, New York
c.1942-1945 Service with Red Cross Blood Bank in New York, NY
1956-1965 Lived in Key West, Florida
1965-1984 Lived in Gulfport, Florida
1984 Died, 25 September. Buried in Soldiers' Home National Cemetery

Collection Overview
The personal papers of Agnes von Kurowsky span the years 1918-1985. Most of the papers are from Agnes' career as a nurse, particularly emphasizing her service with the Red Cross in World War I. They also contain correspondence from the last 20 years of her life regarding her relationship with Ernest Hemingway during World War I. Most of the correspondence dated from the 1980's is about arranging her burial in Arlington National Cemetery and the custodianship of her papers. The papers are arranged in four categories: Outgoing Correspondence [of Agnes von Kurowsky and William C. Stanfield, Jr.], Incoming Correspondence, Newsclippings, and Other Material.

List of Series
Series 1. Outgoing Correspondence
Series 2. Incoming Correspondence
Series 3. News Clippings
Series 4. Other Material

Collection Description

Series 1. Outgoing Correspondence, 1918-1985.
About 40 items.
Arrangement: chronological.

The Agnes von Kurowsky papers begin with her outgoing correspondence which dates from c.1918/1919 through 1985. The correspondence includes letters she wrote from Europe in 1920 just before and during her service with the Red Cross in Rumania and letters she exchanged after 1962 with Ambassador Henry S. Villard, who was her patient at the Milan Hospital in 1918 when Ernest Hemingway was there. Willam Stanfield, Jr., Agnes' husband, took over her correspondence after 1982 when she became disabled. There are several letters in the outgoing correspondence that he wrote concerning her.

ALFragS Agnes
[c.1918/1919], [Italy] Top of page cut off, 2pp.
Carbon Typescript of Letter
23 Mar 1920, A Bord le Rochambeau, to Mama, marked No.1, lp.
Carbon Typescript of Letter
4 Apr [1920], Paris, to Mama, marked No.2, 1p.
Carbon Typescript of Letter
12 Apr 1920, Paris, to Mama, 1p.
Carbon Typescript of Letter
20 Apr [1920], Paris, to Mama, 1p.
Carbon Typescript of Letter
26 Apr [1920], Paris, to Mama, 1p.
Carbon Typescript of Letter
1 May [1920], Paris, to Mama 1p.
Carbon Typescript of Letter
11 May 1920, Bucharest, to Mama, marked rec. June 9th 1920 Washington, 2pp.
Carbon Typescript of Letter
16 May 1920, Bucharest, to Mama, marked rec. June 14, 1p.
Carbon Typescript of Letter
23 May 1920, Bucharest, to Mama, marked rec. June 28, 1p.w/Typscript of letter Agnes von Kurowsky, 6 June 1920, Bucharest, marked rec. June 28, 1p.
Carbon Typescript of Letter
31 May [1920], Bucharest, to Mama, marked rec. June 21, 1p.
Carbon Typescript of Letter
17 June 1920, Bucharest, to Mama, marked rec. July 7, 1p.
Carbon Typescript of Letter
23 June 1920, Bucharest, to Mama, marked rec. July 15, 1p.
Carbon Typescript of Letter
2 July 1920, Bucharest, to Mama, marked rec. July 22, 1p.
TLS Agnes
24 August 1920, Romania, beginning "Kitty dear", 1p.
TLS Agnes H. Stanfield
13 May 1962, Key West, Florida, to Henry [S.] Villard, 3pp.
ALS Agnes H. Stanfield
21 Sep 1975, to Henry [S. Villard], 2pp.
Telephone Message
bearing dates 3 Oct and 28 Nov 1979, handwritten by William Stanfield Jr., 1p.
ACardS Mrs. Agnes Stanfield
25 Dec 1981, to [Henry S. Villard], 1p.
ACardS Bill Stanfield
25 Dec 1982, to [Henry S. Villard], 1p. with
TLcc R.J. Constanzo, 16 Mar 1981, Arlington, Virginia, to Mr. Stanfield, 1p.
TLcc R.J. Constanzo, 24 Nov 1982, Arlington, Virginia, to Mr. Stanfield, 1p.
ALS William Stanfield, 14 Nov 1982, Gulfport, Fla, to R.J. Constanzo, 3pp.
ALS William and Agnes Stanfield
3 Jan 1983, To Ambassador [Henry S. Villard], 1p. with:
TLScc R.W. Hampton, 27 Dec 1982, Washington, D.C., to Mr. and Mrs. Stanfield, 1p.
ALS William and Agnes
24 Jan 1983, Gulfport, Florida, to Ambassador Henry S. Villard, 1p.
ALS Bill and Agnes
17 Feb 1983, Gulfport, Florida, to Ambassador [Henry S. Villard], 1p.
ACardS Bill and Agnes
25 Dec 1983, xmas card, to [Henry S. Villard], 1p.
ALS BCS
24 Jun 1984, Gulfport, Florida, to Ambassador [Henry S. Villard], 1p., bearing Henry Villard note
ALS Bill
11 Sep 1984, Gulfport, Florida, to Amabassador [Henry S. Villard], 2pp.
ALS Bill
8 Dec 1984, Gulfport, Florida, to Ambassador [Henry S. Villard], 3pp., bearing Henry Villard note
ALS William C. Stanfield
8 Feb 1985, Gulfport, Florida, to Mr. John C. Merwin, [Trust Officer], 1p.
ALS Bill
24 May 1985, Gulfport, Florida, to Ambassador [Henry S. Villard], 1p.
ALS Bill
27 May 1985, Gulfport, Florida, to Ambassador [Henry S. Villard], 2pp.
ALS Bill
6 June 1985, Gulfport, Florida, to [Henry S. Villard], 1p.
ALS Bill
20 June 1985, Gulfport, Florida, to Ambassador [Henry S. Villard], 1p.
Obituary
for William C. Stanfield Jr., 10 Sep 1985, St. Petersburg Times
ALS B
undated, to Northwest Orient Airlines, 2pp.
ACardS Agnes H. Stanfield
undated, xmas card to [Henry S. Villard], 1p.
ACardS Agnes Stanfield
undated, xmas card to [Henry S. Villard], 1p.

Series 2. Incoming Correspondence, 1919-1985.
About 40 items.
Arrangement: alphabetical by correspondent.

Incoming correspondence mainly contains letters written after 1960 by people interested in Agnes's relationship with Hemingway, such as researchers, members of the Hemingway family, and Henry S. Villard. In this category are also letters concerning her burial at Arlington National Cemetery and the custodianship of her papers.

Bain, Vivian S. [daughter of William C. Stanfield, Jr.]
ALS 3 June 1985, Cannon Falls, Minnesota, to Ambassador [Henry S.] Villard, 1p.
[ALS 28 June 1985, to Ambassador [Henry S. Villard], 1p.
Bellevue School of Nursing
Booklet [13 Sep 1984], Alumnae Association of the Bellevue School of Nursing By-Laws, 20pp. w/membership card for Agnes yon Kurowsky, undated, and envelope
ACard undated, xmas card, from Bellevue Allumnae, 1p.
Belmore, Fred and Charlee
ACardS undated, xmas card, 1p.
ACardS undated, xmas card, 1p.
Brian, Denis [researcher]
TLS 23 Aug 1981, Palm Beach, Florida, to Mr. Stanfield [William C. Stanfield Jr.], 1p.
TLS 29 Sep 1981, Rockport, MA, to Mrs. Stanfield [Agnes von Kurowsky], 1p. bearing William Stanfield note
Card address of Denis Brian
Buck, John [researcher]
ALS Jack 11 June 1957, [New Orleans], to Mrs. Stanfield, 1p. w/envelope
Constanzo, R.J. [Superintendant, Arlington National Cemetery]
see Outgoing Correspondence--25 Dec 1982
Casualty and Memorial Affairs Directorate
see Villard, Henry S. 7 Jan 1983
Colen, Gerald R. [attorney]
TLS 5 Dec 1984, St. Petersburg, Florida, to N.S. & T. Bank, Trust Group, from Devito, Colen and Cushman representing William C. Stanfield Jr., 1p.
Crowskey, Bruce M.
see Kert, Bernice, 1984
Danby-Smith, Valerie [associate of Mary W. Hemingway]
TLS 15 Dec 1965, New York, to Mrs. Stanfield [Agnes von Kurowsky] for Mrs. Ernest Hemingway, 1p.
Halbe, James J. [researcher]
TLS 22 Oct 1982, Fort Pierce, Fla, to Mrs. and Mr. Stanfield, 2pp. bearing William Stanfield note
Hampton, R.W. [Secretary Board of Commissioners Soldiers' and Airmen's Horne]
see Outgoing Correspondence--3 Jan 1983
Hemingway, Leicester [Ernest Hemingway's brother]
TLS 24 Sep 1961, New York, to Miss Von [Agnes von Kurowsky], 1p. w/envelope
TLS 4 Oct 1961, New York, to Miss Von [Agnes von Kurowsky], 1p. w/envelope
Hemingway, Mary W. [Ernest Hemingway's wife]
ALS Mary H. 21 Sep 1964, [Ketchum, Idaho], to Von [Agnes von Kurowsky], 2pp. w/envelope
see also Danby-Smith, Valerie
Kert, Bernice [researcher]
TLS 17 Mar 1982, to Agnes [von Kurowsky] 1p.
ACardS 31 Aug 1983, [Beverly Hills, California], to Agnes and Bill [Agnes von Kurowsky and William C. Stanfeild, Jr.], 1p. w/envelope
ALS 1984, Beverly Hills, California, to Bill [William C. Stanfield, Jr.], 1p. w/ALS Bruce Crowsky, 24 Nov 1983, Pittsburg California, to Bernice Kert, 1p.
ACardS undated, xmas card to Agnes [von Kurowsky] 1p.
McKee, George H. [President Board of Commissioners U.S. Soldiers' and Airmen's Home]
TLS 19 January 1983, Washing, D.C., to Mr. Ambassador [Henry S. Villard], 1p. w/TLS George H. McKee, 19 Jan 1983, to Mr. and Mrs. Stanfield [William C. Stanfield, Jr. and Agnes von Kurowsky], 1p.
Merwin, John C. [Trust Officer for N.S. & T. Bank]
TLS 29 Jan 1985, Washington, D.C., to Mr. Stanfield [William C. Stanfield, Jr.], 1p.
N.S. & T. Bank
see Merwin, John C.
Reynolds, Michael [researcher]
TLS 11 Oct 1971, Raleigh, North Carolina, to Mrs. Stanfield [Agnes von Kurowsky], 1p.
Villard, Dr. Elie Sd.
AL 15 Sep 1959, Port au Prince, Haiti, to Mrs. Stanfield [Agnes von Kurowsky], 1p. w/envelope
Villard, Henry S. [friend from Milan Hospital]
TL 10 March 1962, to Aggie [Agnes von Kurowsky], 1p.
TL 7 June 1962, to Agnes [von Kurowsky] 1p.
TL 9 Aug 1975, Merano, Italy, beginning "Dear Mrs. Stanfield-or as I still like to remember you, Agnes" [von Kurowsky], 1p.
TLS 27 Feb 1976, Palm Beach, Florida, to Agnes [von Kurowsky], 1p.
APostCardS 8 March 1980, Englewood, Florida, to Agnes [von Kurowsky]
ACardS 25 Dec 1982, xmas card, 1p.
TL 7 Jan 1983, to the Director, Casualty and Memorial Affairs Directorate, 1p.
TL 12 Jan 1983, to Bill and Agnes, [William C. Sanfield, Jr. and Agnes von Kurowsky], 1p. w/TLS Col. R.W. Hampton, 12 Jan 1983. 1p.
TL 4 March 1983, to General [George H.] McKee, 1p.
ALS 15 July 1984, Gstaad, Switzerland, to Agnes-Bill Stanfield [Agnes von Kurowsky and William C. Stanfield, Jr.], 1p., w/envelope
ALS 27 Aug 1984, Gstaad, Switzerland, to Bill [William C. Stanfield Jr.], 2pp. w/envelope
ALS 7 Jan 1985, Gstaad, Switzerland, to Bill [William C. Stanfield, Jr.], 1p. w/enve1ope
ALDS HSV 6 July 1985, to Ms. Bain [Vivian S. Bain], 1p.
ACardS undated, xmas card, 1p.
ALS H undated, xmas greeting, to [William C. Stanfield Jr.], 2pp.
Unidentified
APostCardS Rita postmarked 7 July 1919, Palanzo, Como and 5 Aug 1919, Washington. D.C., to Miss Agnes von Kurowsky, 1p.

Series 3. News Clippings.
About 9 items.
Arrangement: chronological.

The news clippings contain items from periodicals relating to Agnes' career which she or Henry Villard saved.

“The Hemisphere/Haiti,” Time Magazine 22 Feb 1954
Gellhorn, Martha
“Eichmann and the Private Conscience,” The Atlantic, Feb 1962
Sanford, Marcelline Hemingway
“At the Hemingways-Ernest Returns from War,” The Atlantic, Feb 1962
Villard, Henry S.
“I Remember Hemingway,” Foreign Service Journal, May 1962
Pett, Saul
“Hemingway's Home Now Tourist Lure,” The Sunday Star, Washington, D.C., 14 July 1968
Mosby, Aline
“Her Sun Also Rises Joan Hemingway,” The Times Herald Record, 19 July 1973
Villard, Henry S.
“A Prize Specimen of a Wounded Hero,” Yankee Magazine, July 1979
Carlton, Michael
“Savor the Beauty of Budapest,” The Sunday Travel Floridian, 5 May 1985
see also Other Materials/Books La Romanie en Image
“Theme is Africa”
Photograph of Mary Hemingway at art auction [no source noted, undated]

Series 4. Other Material.
23 items.
Arrangement: alphabetically by type.

The items in Other Materials mostly relate to Agnes's nursing career. Of interest to researchers is her personal diary which she kept faithfully every day from 12 June to 20 October 1918. It describes her daily life as a Red Cross nurse in Milan and has some references to her patient Ernest Hemingway. Also in this category are nursing certificates, her diploma from the University of the State of New York, military orders, discharge papers, and Red Cross pins and medals.

Books
Cecchin, Giovanni, ed. Americani sul Grappa: Documenti e Fotografie inediti della Croce Rossa Americana in Italia nel 1918. -- Aso1o: Magnifica Comuntita Pedemontana dal Piave al Brenta, 1984; 307p.: plates
Transferred to Printed Materials Collection
M .P .A., ed . La Romanie en Images. --Paris: A.G. L'Hoir, 1919. 269p.: plates w/newsclipping and handwritten note on cover and on inside front cover
Certificates
Bellevue Hospital Training School for Nurses. 17 July 1917.
Regio Esercito Italiano [Royal Italian Armed Forces] from the Italian Ministery of War for service with the American Red Cross in Italy. 8 April 1919.
Coat of Arms Symbol
on parchment, 23" x 23"
Diary
12 June 1918 -20 Oct 1918. Daily one page entries, some references to EH. 43pp. [opened 27 Oct 1989]
Diploma
Licensed Registered Nurse. From the University of the State of New York. 1 Oct 1917.
Discharge Papers
Honorable discharge from the American Red Cross in Italy. 1 July 1919. 1p.
Driver's License
1978. Florida. For Agnes von Kurowsky.
Letter of Recommendation
from Lucius W. Johnson, M.D., Administrator of the Haitian General Hospital. 1 July 1931. 1p.
Military Orders
Headquarters, American Expeditionary Forces, Paris. 26 June 1918. 1p.
Music
Sheet music. "Hommage Respecteux aux Dames de la Croix Roige." 1914/1915. 4pp. note on verso. Signed Frank. Dated 15 Dec.
Objects
American National Red Cross Nurse Pin
Bar Pin. Initial E. On verso: "Army-Navy/Production Award.
Dogtags. U.S.A.N.C. [United States Army Nurse Corps]. Italian Unit 17500. Agnes von Kurowsky. 2 tags on chain
Pin. Training School for Nurses Bellevue.
Red Cross Pin
Photographs
2 photographs of [Agnes von Kurowsky]
Publications
Hemingway House. Brochure of Key West House.
Poole, Martha Sprigg, “United States History Minus the Mystery,” 1970
Todd, James W. M.D., “Todd Hernia Repair,” reprint from International Surgery, (Vol. 60, No. 2) January 1975, bearing handwritten note: “For Agnes Stanfield, with my best regards. James W. Todd MD”
Resignation Papers
Haitian General Hospital. Agnes Garner [von Kurowsky], 5 June 1931, 1p.